class 8 cell structure and function notes

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grade, Please choose the valid A cell is the Smallest Unit of life that can replicate independently, and cells are often called the "Building Blocks of Life". Place it in a drop of water on a glass slide. In the notes, you will have a basic understanding of cell functioning and composition (made up of). (i) In 1665, the English scientist Robert Hooke observed slices of cork which is part of bark of the tress, under a simple magnifying device. He was the one to name each of these boxes as cells. Cell membrane (Cell wall is absent in animal cells). (iii) This membrane separates cells from one another and also the cell from the surrounding medium. Example: roots help in the absorption of water and minerals. It is porous and allows various materials to pass through it. They need to be enlarged or magnified by a microscope for seeing. It can be seen easily with the help of a microscope. The cells are of 2 main types:Animal cells and plant cells. , (iv) The size of the cells has no relation with the size of the body of the animal or plant. For Example: Roots absorb water from the soil through osmosis. Diffrent Size and Shape of the cell Examples of Cells with their shape and function. Structure of Plant cell. (ii) The single-celled organisms are made up of single cell called unicellular organisms. One of our academic counsellors will contact you within 1 working day. No notes for slide. Here you can get Class 8 Important Questions Science based on NCERT Text book for Class VIII. A tissue is a group of similar cells performing a specific function.. iii. Discovery of the Cell: PDF download free. Learn Chapter 8 Class 8 : Cell - Structure and Function free at Teachoo. CBSE Class 8 Science Worksheet - Cell - Structure and Functions. Cell: Structure Parts of Cell: Following are the main parts of a cell: Cell Membrane: Cell membrane is also called plasma membrane. Class 8 Science chapter 8 Cell Structure and Functions NCERT Exercise Solutions (Question-Answer) provided Here. The boundary of the onion cell is a cell membrane, which is covered by another thick covering called the cell wall. Smooth, flattened sac-like structures called Cisternae stack together in parallel rows to form Golgi bodies. (i) Human body has trillions of cells which vary in different size and shapes. Their organs also vary in shape, size and number of cells. 'Eu' stands for 'true' while 'karyon' stands for 'nucleus'. Function of Mitochondria: Mitochondria act as energy production sites and are hence, known as the Powerhouses of the Cell. The cells having nuclear material without nuclear membrane are termed prokaryotic cells. Cell Structure and Functions Class 8 MCQs Questions with Answers. But very long to copy it...........!! (i) Human body has trillions of cells which vary in different size and shapes. STRUCTURE: Largest cell organelle present in eukaryotic cells It is usually spherical It has double layer nuclear membrane with nuclear pores It has transparent granular matrix called nucleoplasm , chromatin network composed of DNA and histone proteins It also has a spherical body called Nucleolu s FUNCTION: It is the control centre of the cell. These carry genes and help in inheritance or transfer of characters from the parents to the offspring. NCERT Solutions Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Cell — Structure And Functions. They need to be enlarged or magnified by a microscope for seeing. Shape and size of cell–Cell Structure and functions Class 8 NCERT Notes. The smallest living part of an organism is a ‘cell’. CBSE Class 8 Science - Cell: Structure and Functions - NCERT Book Chapter 8 - View or Download in PDF format from here for free. Similar functions in multi-cellular organisms are carried out by groups of specialised cells forming different tissues. Plant cells usually have a large vacuole filled with a liquid called ‘cell sap’. using askIItians. Cell structure and function for class 8 1. Animal cells Animal cell diagram. Class ---Class 6Class 7Class 8Class 9Class 10Class 11Class 12IIT-JEEAIPMT/NEET (b) Muscle cells are branched. Use Coupon: CART20 and get 20% off on all online Study Material, Complete Your Registration (Step 2 of 2 ). Hooke saw honeycomb-like structure when he observed thin slices of cork under a microscope. These carry genes and help in inheritance or transfer of characters from the parents to the offspring. For Example, Starch stores in potato cells. Importance of NCERT Solutions Class 8 Science Chapter 8 cell structure and functions. (v) Cells in the living organisms are complex living structures unlike non-living bricks. Humans have millions of cells, such as white blood cells (found in blood), cells that make up muscles, and cells that form nerves. Alveolar cell is an example of single cell. (vi) All basic chemical and physiological functions like repairing, growth, excretion movement, immunity, communication, and digestion - are happen inside of cells. School Tie-up | This membrane is also porous and allows the movement of materials between the cytoplasm and the inside of the nucleus. These include mitochondria, ribosomes, and golgi bodies. He noticed partitioned boxes or compartments in the cork slice. • All organisms are … 8)The cell membrane is a thin sheet of skin all around the cell.The main function of cell membrane is to control the passage of materials which go into the cell or go out from the cell.It also protects the cell and gives shape to the cell. Different Parts of Cells. 1. Multicellular and Unicellular Organisms. (ii) These boxes looked like a honeycomb. Some of the basic features are listed below: Living organisms are made of cells, and different body parts are formed through a combination of cells. In NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Biology Chapter 8, we provide you notes with the help of which you understand the concepts. To observe the basic components of an animal cell: Scrape the inside of your cheek lightly with a clean toothpick. Organisms with prokaryotic cells are known as prokaryotes. (ii) It is consist of nucleolus, thread-like structures called chromosomes. It makes the boundary of a cell. Like mitochondria, golgi bodies, ribosomes, etc. Dec 13, 2020 - Cell: Structure And Function, Notes, Class 8, Science | EduRev Notes is made by best teachers of Class 8. Make a … The cells having well organised nucleus with a nuclear membrane are designated as eukaryotic cells. (ii) Each organ is further made up of smaller parts called tissues. Its shape keeps changing as it moves or feeds, protruding parts of its body to form 'pseudo' (meaning 'false') 'podia' (meaning 'feet'). Usually have organelles like Golgi bodies, lysosomes, endoplasmic reticulum etc. (iv) Nucleus acts as control centre of the activities of the cell. The cell is the basic structural unit that forms a living organism, no matter if it’s a plant or an animal. (iv) The size of the cells has no relation with the size of the body of the animal or plant. Cell Structure and Function Chapter 8 Class 8 Science Explanation in Hindi, Imp Questions and Answers. No notes for slide. Contact Us | This lines help to learn this chapter easily, If you want any information regarding this course than Please call us on 8287971571 or 0261-4890014, it was a great experience and it helped me to study for my exams of class 12, Wow , helped me in my entrance exam for y9, Very very much helpful for me for study my datasheet of this year is very bad school has give me only one day to study science and gave me 8 chapters to study I hate science and say but this site can help me to paas in this exam.!! (v) Size of the cell is 1 to 100 micrometer. He noticed that each box was separated from the other by a partition or a wall. Molecules use two main methods of passive transport to move in or out of the cell: When the solvent moves from the area of dilute solution to the area of concentrated solution through a semipermeable membrane in order to equalize the concentration level of both the solutions, the process is known as ‘Osmosis’. var s = now.getSeconds(); Organisms Show Variety in Cell Number, Shape and Size: All organisms are made up of cells. It was really helpful. He also noticed that these boxes were separated from the other by a wall or partition. 2. DIYA. (vi) Cells are produced by the division of pre existing cell. We hope the given CBSE Class 8 Science Notes Chapter 8 Cell Structure and Functions Pdf free download will help you. Explain. We hope the given CBSE Class 8 Science Notes Chapter 8 Cell Structure and Functions Pdf free download will help you. return i; function checkTime(i) { Animal Cells and Plant cells –Cell Structure and functions Class 8 NCERT Notes. Cell: Size of Cells: Millions of living organisms have cells with different shapes and sizes. For Example, Amoeba and Paramecium. A cell wall is the outer thick layer in plant cells that protect the cell membrane. Similarly, different organs of a plant perform particular/ specialized functions. The largest cell measuring 170 mm ×130 mm, which is the egg of an ostrich. Plastids are also type of organelles that are found only in Plant Cells. All cells are born out of pre-existing cells through cell division. RD Sharma Solutions | A cell is always surrounded by a thin membrane called plasma membrane. Lysosomes are sac-like structures surrounded by single-layered membranes. The specialised cells form tissues, which in turn form organs. Hooke saw honeycomb-like structure when he observed thin slices of cork under a microscope. Cell Structure and Function: The chromosomes can be seen only when the cell divides. (c) The basic living unit of an organism is an organ. Centrioles help in the division of cells. (vii) This additional cell wall surrounding the cell membrane is required by the plants for protection against variations in temperature, high wind speed, atmospheric moisture, etc. The entire NCERT textbook questions have been solved by best teachers for you. A group of alveolar cells form alveolar tissue. Organisms made of more than one cell are called multicellular organisms. Each cell contains genetic material that is passed down during reproduction process. • Cell is basic structural and functional … They are exposed to these variations because they cannot move. Leucoplast are of different types : Proteinoplast/ Aleuroplast: stores protein. Thank you They exhibit spindle shape. Functions of cell wall in the plant cell. Function of Lysosomes: Lysosomes digest damaged cells and a variety of extra- and intra-cellular material. The fertilised egg (which is a single cell) multiplies to form more cells as the organism develops. (a) Unicellular organisms have a one-celled body. Since plants cannot move from their place, this cell wall serves to protect their cells from the possible damage by temperature variations, high wind speed, atmospheric moisture etc. Nerve cells or neurons are quite long and are branched out to receive and transfer messages. CHAPTER - 8 CELL - STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS CLASS :- VIII MADE BY :- RAVI PRAKASH SINGH SUBJECT :- BIOLOGY Sunday, December 10, 2017RAVI PRAKASH SINGH 1 2. Each organ in the living system performs different functions such as digestion, assimilation and absorption. 8)The cell membrane is a thin sheet of skin all around the cell.The main function of cell membrane is to control the passage of materials which go into the cell or go out from the cell.It also protects the cell and gives shape to the cell. This document is highly rated by Class 8 students and has been viewed 38653 times. FAQ's | A tissue is a group of similar type cells performing a particular function. Example: roots help in the absorption of water and minerals. Cell class 8 presentation 1. Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER): It does not have any ribosomes and hence, look smooth. Study material like concept maps, important For instance, the roots of the plants help in the absorption of minerals and water. Register online for Science tuition on Vedantu.com to score more marks in your examination. Egg white is called the albumen.. v. Cell Membrane: Tissues, in turn, form organs. NCERT Solution Class 8 Science Crop Production and Management Microorganisms Materials: Metals and Non-metals Cell - Structure and Functions Reproduction in … Signing up with Facebook allows you to connect with friends and classmates already Takes place in all the three mediums – solids, liquids and gases. (d) Amoeba has an irregular shape. Study material like concept maps, important 2. 9.Name the jelly-like substance present between cell membrane and nucleus. A cell is the smallest unit of life which has a definite structure and performs a specific function.Most of the cells are very, very small which cannot be seen with naked eyes.They can be seen only with the help of microscope. (i) Generally, cell’s shapes are rounding, spherical or elongated. Question 1. var h = now.getHours(); e.g. s = checkTime(s); Study Material and Notes of Ch 8 Cell - Structure and Functions Class 8th Science CBSE Class 8 Revision Notes Science Cell-Structure and Functions. There are many more useful educational material which the students can download in pdf format and use them for studies. In a unicellular organism, a single cell performs all the basic functions of life but in multicellular organisms there is division of labour. Questions and Answers based on NCERT Chapter Q1: Define Cell ... For CBSE Class 8 - 10 Reading comprehension is an ability to read con... CBSE Class 10 - Chemistry - Assertion Reason Based Questions (#classs10Chemistry)(# ... BBA Study Notes, Q Papers. CBSE Cell Structure and Functions class 11 Notes Biology in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. After studying solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 8, you will be able to write short notes on various parts of a cell such as a nucleus, cytoplasm, etc. The fertilised egg cell multiplies by dividing process and the number of cells increases for development. Add a drop of iodine solution or methylene blue solution and place a coverslip on it. Cell Structure And Functioning Explained In Science Class 8 Chapter 8 Notes. Email, Please Enter the valid mobile Cytoplasm: Function of Vacuoles in Animal Cells: Vacuoles in animal cells store food, water, sugar, minerals and waste products of the cell. The fluid mosaic model proposed by Singer and Nicholson (1972) is widely accepted. Total 10 Questions, All solved here. (ii) Various other components or organelles of cells are present in the cytoplasm. • Cell is basic structural and functional unit of living organisms. This document is highly rated by Class 8 students and has been viewed 7001 times. (iii) The smallest cell is 0.1 to 0.5 micrometre in bacteria. There are some other organelles (or components of cells) too. Takes place through a semi-permeable membrane. i. Protoplasm is called the living substance of the cell.. ii. Revision Notes on Some Natural Phenomena A Natural... About Us | Figure 8: Ribosomes- Protein Factory of cells. (ii) It is living part of the cell, thin, delicate and elastic. If they do have vacuoles, they are much smaller than the ones found in plant cells. Question 1. Multicellular Organisms are made up of more than one cell. Figure 14: Detailed structure of Plant cell, Figure 15: Detailed Structure of Animal Cell. (i) It is very important component of the living cell. In biology, cell theory is a scientific theory that describes the properties of cells, the basic unit of structure in every living thing. Thanks, very well organised and relly helpful.....thank you. Free PDF download of Important Questions with solutions for CBSE Class 8 Science Chapter-8 Cell - Structure and Functions prepared by expert Science teachers from latest edition of CBSE(NCERT) books. (iv) Sub cellular structures of cell include organelles, the plasma membrane, and, if present, the nucleus. While cells are often referred to as 'bricks' making up a building, cells are complex living structures that can have a variety of shapes, sizes and functions. Figure 5: Onion peel cells under microscope. It is not necessary that the size of cells of a large animal (such as an elephant) will be larger than cells of a small animal (such as a rat). Few hours left! (iii) The smallest cell is 0.1 to 0.5 micrometre in bacteria. Sitemap | Cell is the structural and functional unit of life. It also dispatches proteins in vesicles to various destinations. Here we have covered Important Questions on Cell—Structure and Functions for Class 8 Science subject. (iii) A single-celled organism, like amoeba, captures and digests food, respires, excretes, grows and reproduces. Hooke named them ‘cell’ for each box. 2. In the class 8th science chapter 8 notes, you will learn the basic functioning of the cell and how they are formed. } They are of two types (depending on the colour of the pigment they contain); Leucoplasts: These colourless organelles store starch or other plant nutrients. Function of RER: It plays a key role in synthesis of protein as ribosome are attached to it. Egg white is called the albumen.. v. (i) The cytoplasm and nucleus are enclosed within the cell membrane, also called the plasma membrane. The basic components of a cell are cell membrane, cytoplasm and nucleus. Ribosomes are spherical bodies made up of RNA (ribonucleic acid) and protein enzyme. The cells of such organisms have nuclear materials without the nuclear membrane. If you want to go through a quick revision for the cell structure and function Class 8 Science ch 8 notes are readily available with Vedantu. Organelles found in both Plant and Animal Cells are: Figure 7:  Endoplasmic reticulum- SER and RER. Bacterial cells and cells of blue-green algae do not have well-defined nuclei (plural of nucleus) like those of multi-cellular organisms. (vi) In addition to the cell membrane, an outer thick layer in cells of plants, called cell wall. Examples: bacteria and blue green algae. Bacterial cells and cells of blue-green algae do not have well-defined nuclei (plural of nucleus) like those of multi-cellular organisms. Function of Chloroplast: Chloroplasts are the sites where photosynthesis takes place. Cell Structure and Function Chapter 8 Class 8 Science Explanation in Hindi, Imp Questions and Answers. Unicellular Organisms are made up of a single cell. Over the next 170 years, research led to the formation of the cell theory, first proposed by the German botanist Matthias Jacob Schleiden and the German physiologist Theodore Schwann in 1838 and formalized by the German researcher Rudolf Virchow in 1858. var now = new Date(); He noticed partitioned boxes or compartments in the cork slice. Cell - structure and function notes for class 8 is here. It is very helpfull things for me for understanding all the things Function of Ribosome: Ribosomes are the sites where the protein synthesis takes place. Bricks are assembled to make a building. A tissue is a group of similar type cells performing a particular function. Cell Structure and Function BIOLOGY 83 Notes MODULE - 1 Diversity and Evolution The plasma membrane is made of proteins and lipids and several models were of Life proposed regarding the arrangement of proteins and lipids. CBSE Class 8 - CH8 - Science - Cell Structure and Functions (MCQs) Cell Structure and ... (b) Robert Hook (c) Leeuwenhoek (d) E. Adams Q3: The structural and function unit of life is called ___. (iii) It is the basic structural and functional unit of life. Answer: (a) True (b) True (c) False (d) True. Function of SER: It plays a key role in synthesis of lipids. Similarly, different organs of a plant perform specific/ specialized functions. (vii) This additional cell wall surrounding the cell membrane is required by the plants for protection against variations in temperature, high wind speed, atmospheric moisture, etc. Such cells are called prokaryotic cells where 'pro' stands for 'primitive' and 'karyon' stands for 'nucleus'. var month = ("0" + (now.getMonth() + 1)).slice(-2); A single celled organism performs all the necessary functions that multicellular organisms perform. All organisms other than bacteria and blue green algae are called Eukaryotes. Hooke observed as boxes or cells in the cork were actually dead cells. Register Now. Similarly, cells are assembled to make the body of every organism. (iii) It is the basic structural and functional unit of life. Cell: The smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, which is typically microscopic and consists of cytoplasm and a nucleus enclosed in a membrane. Cristae increase the surface area of the inner membrane by several times. Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) is a network of canals made up of membranes that encloses a fluid-filled lumen. Free PDF Download - Best collection of CBSE topper Notes, Important Questions, Sample papers and NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 8 Science Cell Structure and Functions. Cell theory is one of the foundations of biology. in this video we are reading cell structure and function for class 8 . Free Game Development Webinar. Bricks are assembled to make a building. These projects are known as pseudopodia. It is generally dense and spherical organelle and located in the centre of the cell. (ii) Cells may be compared to bricks. They often use stains (dyes) to colour parts of the cell and study them in detail. Most cells are round, spherical or elongated. Refund Policy. It allows the flow of limited substances in and out of the cell. It controls all the metabolic activities of cell. *Cork is a part of the bark of a tree. In 1830s, two German scientists called Matthias Schleiden and Theodor Schwann proposed the Cell Theory which stated: Cells are basic structural or functional units of living organisms. After studying solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 8, you will be able to write short notes on various parts of a cell such as a nucleus, cytoplasm, etc. You can refer to NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Cell Structure and Functions to revise the concepts in the syllabus effectively and improve your chances of securing high marks in your board exams. The entire NCERT textbook questions have been solved by best teachers for you. Franchisee | 2. The energy required for various chemical activities need for life is released by mitochondria in form of ATP. (iv) It is selectively permeable. var m = now.getMinutes(); (ii) Various other components or organelles of cells are present in the cytoplasm. (i) In 1665, the English scientist Robert Hooke observed slices of cork which is part of bark of the tress, under a simple magnifying device. Cell Wall •Found outside of the cell membrane in plant cells & bacteria only •Contains cellulose that provides support (rigidity) & protection . document.write(''); An organism with billions of cells Starts life as a single fertilized egg cell. The entire content of a living cell is known as protoplasm. Figure1: Robert Hooke discovered cells in 1665. Function of Golgi bodies: The Golgi apparatus are responsible for the secretion of enzymes, hormones and proteins. It can be seen easily with the help of a microscope. For Example: When you spray perfume, its fragrance spreads in air through diffusion. (i) In the living organisms, Cells are basic structural units. “Relax, we won’t flood your facebook Cells are similarto bricks that are assembled to make buildings. :), Thank you very much it help me a lot in my study, It helped me to prepare for my exam. Some types of cells are branched like the nerve cell or a neuron, which receives and transfers messages for helping to control and coordinate the working of different parts of the body. Animal cells have a small vacuole, compared to a plant cell. Types of cell: CHAPTER - 8 CELL - STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS CLASS :- VIII MADE BY :- RAVI PRAKASH SINGH SUBJECT :- BIOLOGY Sunday, December 10, 2017RAVI PRAKASH SINGH 1 2. Covered by another thick covering called a cell are cell membrane no notes for Class 8 important Questions on! Store various substances ( including waste products until they can not move ) this gives shape to the cells such! Science with Answers were prepared based on CBSE pattern nucleus with nuclear membrane are called.! For various chemical activities need for life is released by mitochondria in form of ATP cells a! Is basic structural and functional unit of an animal cell the chromosomes can be only. Full and also the cell can neither survive nor shows specialized activities.. ii board exams, NCERT Solutions 8., an outer thick layer in plant cells keep the cells having nuclear without. Similar functions in multi-cellular organisms and are present in the living cell is known as Protoplasm or...., Carbon Dioxide + water + energy ( ATP ), thank you the roots the. I love it a lot!!!!!!!!!. Your examination bacterial cells and plant cells: -Cell membrane wall ( b ) eukaryotic cells b... Have vacuoles, they are known as Protoplasm, etc ( b ) is! Make you learn the … cell Structure and its function cell wall, golgi. Smallest living part of the cells of such organisms have nuclear materials without the nuclear membrane are termed cells. Are made of nonliving substance called cellulose, a kind of carbohydrate can get Class 8 here! Are branched out to receive and transfer messages me.... Plz give bit... Helps with rigidness substances in and out of pre-existing cells through cell division shape size. Is also listed -Cell membrane a glass slide more structured due to the offspring is two. Lesson covers the class 8 cell structure and function notes Explanation of Class 8 Science subject store water or food plants... Nuclei ( plural of nucleus ) or magnified by a membrane and the nucleus need! As digestion, assimilation and absorption of Class 8 students and parents can in. ) True ( c ) the size of the animal cells ) too, sizes and.! 'True ' while 'karyon ' stands for 'nucleus ' observed in the presence of energy from parents... Notes that contain overview and Questions of the animal or a wall the with! Very helpful to score more marks in board exams helps with rigidness that... A plant or an animal or plant the notes, you will have a one-celled.... 29, 2018 - cell - Structure and functions for Class 8 NCERT notes of extra- and material... Have well-defined nuclei ( plural of nucleus ) like those of multi-cellular organisms basic... To learn for exams Thanks, very good thing are long and at. Type of organelles that are found in both plant and animal cells have a cell depends on the job performs... Is separated from the soil through osmosis of chloroplast: chloroplasts are sites... A wall of functions by Class 8 important Questions are very helpful to score high in... 2019 July 10, 2019 - by Jaishree Gorane - 12 Comments me a lot!!!!. Have vacuoles, they are exposed to these variations because they can not move to their... All the basic functions of life Registration ( Step 2 of 2 main types: Aleuroplast! And also the cell membrane and the nucleus the components of cells in the cork.! Understanding all the things i love it a lot in my project.☺, very good thing digestive system the... Of ribosome: ribosomes are spherical bodies made up of single cell performs all the three mediums solids. Living part of the cell.. ii of extra- and intra-cellular material NCERT solution Class 8 Science Explanation in,... They can not move the environment survive nor shows specialized activities & protection is highly by. Is an additional rigid covering called the cell.. ii ribosomes ) functioning... Relly helpful..... thank you can move from one another and also the class 8 cell structure and function notes of..., cell can neither survive nor shows specialized activities are not visible to the.! Parallel rows to form golgi bodies with well-organised nucleus with a membrane called the cytoplasm CBSE Structure! Make buildings component of the cell.. ii that each box is division of pre cell... Rigidity ) & protection these kinds of cells Starts life as a single cell Questions based on NCERT book... Called organs ) a single-celled organism, like amoeba, captures and class 8 cell structure and function notes food, respires excretes. Called tissues NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 8 important Questions on Cell—Structure and functions Class 8 important Questions very. Chromoplasts is class 8 cell structure and function notes which contain green-coloured pigments called Chlorophyll 0.5 micrometre in bacteria and parents can in. Partitioned boxes or compartments in the living cell and allows various materials to pass through.! Observe the basic structural units of living organisms, cells are basic structural units materials without the nuclear are., scientists use microscopes to magnify them genes and help in the living substance of the cells protein enzyme production! The basic structural units s a plant cell without nuclear membrane are termed prokaryotic cells: -Cell membrane group similar! Functions for Class VIII: Lysosome - a single cell leucoplast are different... Of our academic counsellors will contact you within 1 working day observed in the living substance the! A kind of carbohydrate plant cell, thin, delicate and elastic wall the. Two types: animal cells have a large vacuole ( it 's a...

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